When it comes to negotiations in international relations, I think that the main question should be: what are the stakes? So looking at the current nuclear talks between Washington and Teheran, I wonder why this agreement hasn’t been reached yet?
As in most negotiations, each party has its resistant points: Washington wants the transparency of Iran’s nuclear program and a 20-year deal to ensure that it is for peaceful purposes, while Teheran requires a lifting of the economical embargo from the UN, which is strongly blocking its economy and a 5-year deal. The aim of this contract for the P5+1 is to guarantee that Iran is not seeking nuclear weapons. But what else is on the table? I would say: the current and future situation of the Middle East. In my point of view, the U.S are walking on thin ice because this agreement or a lack of agreement can be a turning point for the world.
For any negotiators the problematic parts are managing the environment and ensuring the outcomes. Last week, after the US state secretary met the Iranian minister of foreign affairs in order to work on a compromise for the nuclear deal, the U.S also had to manage diplomatic relations with other nations directly and indirectly involved with this settlement. Indeed, John Kerry not only had to reassured the West allies in the Middle East: the GCC (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman) concerning the deal but also to consult the P5+1 states while the prime minister of Israel was having a speech in Washington in order to destroy the nuclear deal.
In my opinion, even if this deal seems to worry, the lack of deal would bring terrific consequences for the Middle East. However to obtain efficient negotiations, I consider that not only technical matters concerning uranium enrichment or plutonium production should be looking at. The lifting of economical sanctions may help Iran to support Bashar Al-Assad, the Hezbollah and rebels in Yemen, and reinforce insecurity in this area, which is why those matters need to be discussed and agreed. Finally, trust is a crucial ingredient for reaching a satisfying deal for both parts. I think that considering their history it’s natural that those two countries have trust issues, however I can’t imagine a successful agreement, which would last and ensure peace without confidence.
What do you think of the nuclear talks between Iran and US?